Milk & Dairy
The milk and dairy food products include milk and milk products:- Cheese , yoghurts but not butter, margarine or cream.
Varieties of milk
Supermarkets now stock many different varieties of milk. The most common milk in the UK is still cows milk, but others include goat and sheep milk, as well as a number of plant-based substitutes including, soya, rice, oat and almond milk for those with lactose intolerance.
Milk in the Uk (generally cows milk) is distinguishable by it fat content:
- Whole or full fat milk contains about 3.5 per cent fat
- Semi-skimmed contains about 1.1 per cent fat.
- Skimmed milk contains 0.1 to 0.3 per cent fat.
Even whole milk is relatively low in fat and certainly semi-skimmed milk can be labelled as a low fat food.
Some supermarkets have now started selling milk with a 1 per cent fat content which has almost half the fat of semi-skimmed milk but retains a more creamy flavour. This is a good option for those people who want to lower the amount of fat they're consuming but don't like the taste of skimmed milk.
Cheese contains the same beneficial nutrients as milk, but most cheeses contain much more saturated fat and high levels of added salt, so it's important to only eat full-fat cheese occasionally and in small portions.
Yoghurt is rich in protein and vitamin B2: essentially the same nutrients as in milk. Some varieties contain living bacteria that are healthy for your digestive system (probiotics). Yoghurt can be made from whole or low fat milk, but be careful. Fruit yoghurts often contain added sugar. Low fat doesn't necessarily mean low calories. If you're watching your weight, look for 'diet' versions, or make your own by mixing fruit with natural, low fat, unsweetened yoghurt. Check out the labels of packs for details.